Race, Gender, and Genetic Technologies: A New Reproductive Dystopia?
In the 1980s, Margaret Atwood, Gena Corea, and other feminists imagined dystopias in which white women's reproduction was valued and
privileged and the reproduction of women of color was devalued and
exploited. In The Handmaid's Tale, published in 1985, Atwood envisioned
the repressive Republic of Gilead, where handmaids were forced to serve
as breeders for elite men and their infertile wives in order to perpetuate
the white race, while blacks, as well as handmaids who fuiled to bear
children, were exiled to toxic colonies (Atwood 1985). That same year,
in The Mother Machine, Corea predicted that white women would hire surrogates of color in reproductive brothels to be implanted with their eggs and gestate their babies at low cost (Corea 1985).