Challenges in the Online Component of Blended Learning: A Systematic Review
Blended learning is widely regarded as an approach that combines the benefits afforded by face-to-face and online learning components. However, this approach of combining online with face-to-face instructional components have raised concerns over the years. Several studies have highlighted the overall challenges of blended learning mode of instruction as a whole, but there has been no clear understanding of the challenges that exist in the online component of blended learning. Thus, a systematic review of literature was conducted with the aim of identifying the challenges in the online component of blended learning from students, teachers and educational institutions perspectives. Self-regulation challenges and challenges in using learning technology are the key challenges that students face. Teachers challenges are mainly on the use of technology for teaching. Challenges in the provision of suitable instructional technology; and effective training support to teachers are the main challenges faced by educational institutions. This review highlights the need for further investigations to address students, teachers and educational institutions challenges in blended learning. In addition, we proposed some recommendations for future research.
•We identified challenges in the online component of blended learning.•Challenges from students, teachers and educational institutions perspectives.•Students challenges involve self-regulation and use of technology for studying.•Teachers are reluctant to include technology into face-to-face teaching.•Educational institutions challenge lies in provision of suitable technology.